Sunday, September 21, 2014
 

This database contains a list of Tagalog terms used in different contexts ( business, geography, law, medicine, and politics ) in the Philippines.  

Business-Trade

Geographical - Topographical

Legal

Medical

Political

 

Business-Trade

kontrata contract, usually formal, written agreement
kasunduan agreement, usually verbal
utang/pautang debt/loan
bayad payment
singil collect (money)
abono money paid in behalf of someone else
interes interest
sira damaged
banko bank
paluwal downpayment/money paid in advance
negosyo business/trade
kalakal goods
bayad payment
bayaran to pay
lugi lost money, no profit
nalugi to lose money or to have no profit
bangkarote bankrupt
mayaman rich
taghirap economic or financial difficulty
matumal sluggish business
buwis tax
kapital capital
industriyal industrial/industry
agrikultural/pagsasaka agricultural
negosyante businessman/businesswoman
tingi' to buy or sell in portions instead of whole
barato sale or discounted price
mura cheap
mahal expensive or dearly priced
sulit worth the price or money
kita profit
kumita earned a profit
sari-sari (e.g. sari-sari store) general merchandise
magkano how much (price)
tunay authentic or genuine
diskwento discount
tawad discount
tumawad to haggle the price down, commonly done in wholesale stores or markets in the Philippines and other Asian countries
patong/dagdag profit or extra charge added, surcharge
libre free, gratis
hulugan installment payment
sweldo payday (salary)
presyong kaibigan price with no profit, given to friends
buena mano first sale of the day, and the seller gives deep discount to the first buyer in order to attract more luck in business
tubo profit
tubong lugaw (slang) very little profit
puhunan capital
laway lang ang puhunan no actual capital, just salestalk
hiram rent or borrow (objects or money)
renta rent (equipment)
arkila rent (vehicle)
gastos expense
tauhan employees
boss boss or owner of the business
kasosyo co-owner or co-capitalist
kahero/kahera cashier
katiwala trustee, overseer
daya cheat
madaya cheater
mandaya to cheat
timbang weight
laki size
luwang/luwag width/breath
bigat weight
kupit steal
mangupit to steal
kinupit stolen
peke (slang) fake

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Geographical-Topographical

mapa map
bundok mountain
burol hill
patag/kapatagan plain/plains
ilog river
dagat sea/ocean
lawa lake
isla island
pulo-pulo islands
kapuluan archipelago
talon falls
bulkan volcano
matarik/malalim very deep
kontinente continent
tubig water
lupa earth/soil
gubat forest
puno trees
bukid fields
planeta planet
mundo earth/world
hilaga north
silangan east
kanluran west
timog south

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Legal

batas law
kasalanan offense
pulis police
abogado lawyer
hukom judge
korte court
ipagtanggol to defend
mabilanggo/makulong to be encarcerated
hatol judgement
mapalaya to be set free
sentensya sentence
akusado accused (noun)
akusahan to accuse
parusa penalty
parusahan to penalize
patawarin to forgive someone
pinatay killed
pumatay killer
pinawalang-sala declared innocent
mag-apila to appeal (the sentence)
multa fine
mag-multa to pay the fine
piyansa bail
mag-piyansa to pay the bail
sinungaling liar
magsinungaling to lie
testigo witness
tumestigo to be a witness
talo lose
natalo lost
panalo win
nanalo won
konstitusyon constitution (law)
ordinansa ordinance
labag against
lumabag sa batas violated the law
inosente innocent
walang kinalaman did not know (about the incident)
totoo true
patotoo to authenticate the truth
korte suprema supreme court
mababang hukuman lower court
pagpapasya decision
paglilitis arraignment/trial
imbestigasyon investigation
ebidensya evidence
kaso case

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Medical

sakit illness
masakit painful
may sakit is ill, a person who is ill
lagnat fever
may lagnat has a fever
sakit ng ulo headache
sakit ng tiyan stomachache
masakit ang ulo has headache
masakit ang tiyan has stomachache
mahapdi seething pain, like a fresh wound
giniginaw feeling cold, chilly
nahihilo feeling dizzy, nauseated
walang gana no appetite
matamlay lethargic
maga swollen
namamaga swelling
nana' puss
malabo blurry
malabo ang mata blurry eyesight
presyon blood pressure
alta presyon high blood
sakit sa puso heart disease
hinga breath
huminga to breathe
hindi makahinga cannot breathe
pagod tired
hapo' tired
sugat wound
baril gun
nabaril shot
hiwa cut
nahiwa cut by a knife or sharp object
ngalay numb
ubo cough
umuubo coughing
sipon colds
sinisipon having colds
plema phlegm
uhog running phlegm
inuuhog runny nose
bingi deaf
bulag blind
pipi mute
pilay disabled (leg/feet)
bugbog bruised
patay dead
pinatay killed
gamot medicine
ginagamot under medication/doctor's supervision
opera surgery
inopera/naoperahan underwent surgery
ospital hospital
nars nurse
doktor doctor
dentista dentist
nasagasaan hit by a vehicle
walang malay unconscious
nawalang malay went unconscious
gutom hungry
uhaw thirsty
mapait bitter
matamis sweet
walang lasa no taste
walang panlasa no sense of taste/bland
lalamunan throat
masakit ang lalamunan sore throat
buntis pregnant
regla menstruation
ngipin/mga ngipin tooth/teeth
bibig mouth
tenga ear
labi lips
mukha face
ilong nose
pisngi cheek
kilay eyebrow
kamay hand
paa foot
braso arms
daliri finger
tagihawat acne, pimples
sirang ngipin broken/decayed tooth
bunot pull
magpabunot ng ngipin to extract tooth
pasta tooth filling
magpapasta to have tooth filling

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Political

kapangyarihan power
makapangyarihan powerful
bansa country
gobyerno government
pangulo president
pangalawang pangulo vice-president
pinunong ministro prime minister
gabinete cabinet
mambabatas legislator
hukuman judiciary
pamahalaan government
konstitusyon/saligang-batas constitution
batas law
senador senator
kinatawan representative
meyor mayor
gobernador governor
bandila flag
pambansa national
panlokal local
pederal federal
estado state
usapin issue
pamamahala governance/governing
pamamalakad policy
perang-bayan public funds
proyekto project
katiwalian corruption
gamit-opisyal official use
pananalapi treasury/finance
salaping gugol budget
gugol allocation
pagmamalabis abuse
abusadong opisyal abusive official
patalsikin to be dismissed from office/work
kaban ng bayan national treasury
pambansang halalan national elections
halalan election
kandidato candidate
partido party
partido politikal political party
pinuno ng partido head of the party
lokal na halalan local elections
gastos expenditure
rebelde rebel
oposisyon opposition
nanunungkulan in power/in office
protesta protest
rebolusyon revolution
rebelyon rebellion
alsa revolt
diskusyon discussion
debate (de-bah-te) debate
pakikipagtalastasan debate/argument
sandatahang-lakas armed forces
pulisya/pulis police

 

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