the English root of the verb.
2. Find its Tagalog
3. Decide which focus (actor or object) in Tagalog you
want to use.
4. In using either actor- or object-focus form of the
verb in a Tagalog sentence, always
basic word order in Tagalog: Verb + Subject + (Adjective)
The following are
examples of actor- and object-focus sentences. The verb is
incompleted, and contemplated forms, respectively.
Kumain ako ng tinapay kaninang
Kumakain ako ng tinapay
Kakain ako ng tinapay bukas.
ko ang tinapay kaninang
Kinakain ko ang tinapay ngayon.
Kakainin ko ang tinapay
6. The examples
provided in the tables below are the most common Tagalog
used by Tagalog speakers.
There are verbs that have both -UM- and
actor-focus forms, and several
object-focus forms (I-, -IN- or -AN).
Comp=Completed (Perfective) Aspect - action started and
Inc=Incompleted (Imperfective) Aspect -
action started but not yet completed
Cont=Contemplated Aspect - action not started but anticipated